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This article, written together with Taco Brandsen of Radboud University Nijmegen, was published in the International Journal of Public Administration in the Fall of 2011.

Hybrid Organizations: No Cause for Concern?


Hybrid organizations mix the characteristics of state, market, and civil society. Critics have suggested that such organizations pose severe risks to the public sector, both financially and culturally. However, these assertions are based mostly on theoretical claims or single case studies. No systematic evidence has been collected to support them. The findings of a large research program in The Netherlands in several policy fields show that the concerns over hybrid organizations appear to be overstated, since theoretically defined risks have not materialized. Conditions such as the presence of active regulators and a high degree of professionalism appear to dampen the risks.

Taco Brandsen & Philip Marcel Karré
Hybrid Organizations: No Cause for Concern?
International Journal for Public Administration
Volume 34, Issue 13, 2011
pages 827-836